Giving a conference to other students. - is not a simple work.
I found that the experience of sharing your knowledge with others is very grateful. At the beginning I had a lot of fears that they will not pay attention that they will ot take it seriously and in fact I was very nervous. There were some students that didn’t care at all what we were talking about and others that listened but I wasn’t sure if they were receiving the information or not. Now I can understand why teachers are always asking us to give our opinions and ask questions! That is the only way in which you can discover if they are receiving the information.
The conference was given to students of the “Universidad Internacional del Ecuador”
from the Biology class. While talking about the meaning of culture of peace and
the difference between cultures of adversarialism everyone seemed to agree. But
there is something important to notice that when we asked them what they will
choose as an option: to be part of the adversarialism, to fight against it, to
run away… they very convinced answer that they will run away. Maybe this is also
a reaction that they have because of their passion to nature that they prefer to
hide in the jungle rather than face the problems of humanity. Still it was
When you introduce a new subject specially one as controversial as the culture of peace
it is very common that you will not be taken seriously. I realized that we all
know that the culture of adversarialism is wrong and that living in violence
and conflict is not the human nature, but still even if we know it we are used
to digest it as a normal conduct. This is what needs to be changed! Also during
the activities I realized that for us, humans is very difficult to cooperate,
especially in our occidental culture, we have been raised to compete and to
achieve our own objectives for our own benefits and it is very difficult to
change the switch to a culture of cooperation among beings.
The activity was fun. To add up we had a very good experience, with the exception of
some members of the group that were not open to take our ideas, but still they
didn’t gave us any trouble other than avoid making comments and participating. I
was very confortable giving the conference, I think that especially because I
like the subject, it makes me very enthusiastic and I really belief that we need
to work more towards a culture of peace. It is important to continue with
initiatives like this and try to create more awareness especially among the
young people that are the future of the world.
What’s wrong with our world?
What can we do about it?
The important thing is that we have to focus on the fundamental problem that causes other problems in order to get the right answer. Humans are thinking as separate organisms but we haven’t realized that we are all part of a bigger organism. This is were competition rises. The American dream, the wrong thought that wealth equals happiness. But, what happiness? Happiness on the expenses of other people? The basic premises that are thought today such as economy create a separation of humanity from the natural of the species. Having wealth on others expenses. Ones success over the exploitation of others.
There is a natural democracy on species. There is democracy on animals DNA as well as in every living being. We, humans, have the ability to cooperate. Sympathy is our biggest attribute. We naturally respond to the trouble of others and it is in our nature to try to help others that are having a tough time. But, we need to realize that we work better in empathy rather than in separation. We are all connected as part of a grater world. The problem is that we are the cancer of the organism. We take more than what we need. There is a lot of people starving while others have more than what they need.
The mental illness that we have today is flown by consumption, violence and separation. I agree with what the movie said, the best meditation that we need to do now is critical thinking followed by action. Until humans don’t realize that we are a whole living organism and that we have to work together to survive and achieve happiness nothing is going to change. We will never be able to answer the questions stated at the beginning and find a solution to the problems that we have today. We need to create conscience and work as a whole, protect ourselves as well as the environment.
Manufacturing consent around the world is represents by mass media, manipulating information to the interests of politics and economics and the small group of people that poses the world. Manufacturing consent is the revolution in democracy as it says on the video, it is the essence of democracy.
“Propaganda is to democracy as violence is to dictatorship”
It is the consent of the political class, the educates people that play a role on economics and politics. And there is the other major part of the population that is made to follow orders and that is limited to receive all the information that the mass media provides.
Who is doing it? The bigger firms; the big media companies that are the ones that set the framework, companies such as the New York Times, NBC, among others. They have the worlds information on their hands they decide how to manipulate it to achieve the wanted effect among
All this that we have been talking about affects any move towards building a culture of peace because everything is being manipulates. The mass media continues to show mostly negative news of violence and conflict. This is what moves politics and what creates a bigger unconscious of reality. The information that we reach is all manipulated and carefully selected. To avoid or help this we should try to have more true media reach the real information before it gets manipulated.
The “Manifesto de Sevilla” was created in 1989, November 16th. It was created by a group of students concerned with the thought that the human nature and other rules of evolution and biology support the idea that humans are by nature violent and used to live in constant conflict. As we have been studying during our course of Cross Cultural Communication this is by no meanings a law. This document gives 5 different points in science that have been incorrectly used to justify war and violence. For example that human are biologically created to live in violence, or that the evolutionary law and the law of nature implies fighting and living in conflict. As well as the so well known and pronounced survival of the fittest, this is proved to be scientifically incorrect. As human cells are open to violence are also open to peace, depends on the cultural and social environment in which they grow. The learning’s that humans have is what makes them violent, not any biological aspect. This is what the Manifesto reflects and what we have been studying in our course. I agree with the document. We as humans are open to any kind of behavior but we need to focus our attention on the good manners, on building a culture of peace, on outstanding the good in history and erasing all the violence that we are exposed to.
I leave you with some words of the Manifesto that I liked the most and from which we should all meditate: “Así como "las guerras empiezan en el alma de los hombres", la paz también encuentra su origen en nuestra alma. La misma especie que ha inventado la guerra también es capaz de inventar la paz.”
As well as “wars start in the humans’ soul”, peace should also find its origins in our soul. The same specie that has invented war is also capable of inventing peace.
If we look at the planet from outside we will see a hole thing, one living organism with different parts that make it wonderful. We are responsible to turn it into that, one living organism. It is time for humanity to raise awareness that we all make part of one planet and as one we should care for the wellbeing of all. Now it is time for us to continue with evolution in our minds and our souls. If we don’t start carrying for the environment this planet our planet will be destroyed, and we are the only ones responsible for that. "If this is your love/care for nature your live will be as short as a snow ball in hell" Peter Russell
Cross Cultural Communication Barriers:
· Non-verbal communication
There are ways to cross these barriers:
- Language.- Be culturally competent. Know what to say, how, when, where and why. Ask for clarification when you don’t understand, learn the language or find help.
- Non-verbal communication.- Do not assume you understand any verbal signals of behaviors. Don’t take it personally; develop awareness of your own nonverbal communication that might be insulting for others.
- Stereotyping.- Increase awareness of your own preconceptions. Learn about other cultures and avoid judging. It can become a vicious circle of prejudice, racism, violence, and end up in war and genocide.
- Evaluation.- Maintain appropriate distance, recognize that you cannot change a culture, do not judge values until you have come to know them.
- Stress.- Accept ambiguity, reduce other intercultural barriers, be forgiving.
It is very difficult to understand other cultures and it is more difficult when you have to maintain relationships or even life inside other culture. I think that the way to avoid having any sort of problems is to be patient, to have an open mind. It is important, especially in this times of diversity and constant contact with different cultures, that we develop awareness and that we learn to understand and respect others. My advice is to be open to changes, to understand and even learn from other cultures. We have to appreciate the opportunity that we have with open communication and all the facilities of internet and information, to learn from other cultures. Each culture has something different, something special and something very interesting that instead of judging and discriminating we should take it, learn from it for our personal benefit, to nurture our spiritual growth.
Dimensions of National Culture
• Extreme Masculinity .- material success and progress, wining, gender diferentiation
• Extreme Feminity .- caring for others
• Extreme High Power Distance .- respect for status
• Extreme Low Power Distance .- equality between people
• Extreme Individualism .- individual freedom
• Extrene Collectivism .- group harmony
• Extreme Uncertainty Acoidance .- certainty, different is dengerous, time is money
• Extreme Uncertainty Tolerance .- exploration
• Extreme Long-Term Orientation .- long-term benefits, working hard, saving
• Extreme Short-Term Orientation .- saving face, social preasure
Culture.- “Social heritage of a community, including material expression, its ideological expressions and its structural or institutional expressions; socially learned/constructed, therefore contingent and variable.” - Michael Karlberg
Culture is the identity of a society but also of each person. I think that the culture you have from the society to which you belong is just the basis of your own personal culture. Something that you personally develop and is what makes your personality, your ways of thinking and acting. The culture is something that is constantly changing and creating different points of view in a person’s life. Each person has a different culture and it should be respected no matter what, even if it is not shared. Diversity is what makes us interesting and unique parts of the whole world, it needs to be appreciated and respected.